Fiavè Pile Dwelling Settlement
Everyday life more than 4000 years ago
Recently inserted in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Fiavè pile dwellings form an exceptionally important reference point for prehistoric pile dwellings in Europe. Their archaeological importance, already renowned in the mid-Nineteenth century, was emphasised by the systematic digs directed by Renato Perini between 1969 and 1975, which shed light on the various types of pile-dwellings.
The findings, as well as the paleo-environmental analyses which extended to the entire ancient lake area - which today is covered in peat - make it possible to reconstruct the history of the lake, which begins about 15.000 years ago, and of the human communities that play out on the shores from the Mesolithic age (7th to 6th millennium BC) to Roman times. The oldest stable settlement - the remains of huts erected even on a reclaimed section of the lake shore - can be dated back to the first half of the 4th millennium BC.
But it is during the period from 18th to 16th century BC that at least two settlements were built, following the classic model of the pile dwelling raised over the water, the load-bearing piles of which are still preserved and can still be seen - some of them more than 9 metres long. This is followed by a new pile dwelling settlement (15th-14th century BC), made up of huts on piles anchored to a complex grid-like structure set along the shore and on the bottom of the lake.
The recent Bronze age (13th century BC) marks the end of the pile dwelling settlements, and the construction of the settlement on the Dos Gustinaci, a morainic hill on the southern side of the lake. Along the itinerary, you can see terraces and traces of dry-stone walls involving a few homes with a rectangular floor plan.
The ancient Carera lake appears to have been visited even in later periods, no longer for residential purposes, but maybe as a funeral or ritual site. Proof of this is in the findings - dating to the 1940s - of skeletal remains, iron weapons and tools, ceramics, etc. dating back to the final centuries of the 1st millennium BC, until Roman times.
In April 2012, the Fiavè pile dwelling museum was opened, documenting the history of one of the most important digs in the southern area of the Alps. The two floors of the museum will house artefacts found in the peat bog, paying particular attention to the exceptional wooden objects. Through videos and reconstructions, the visitor can experience the history of the site and get to know the methods applied to digging and retrieving artefacts.
Closed from November to February